The Biodiversity Conservation and Rural Livelihood Improvement Project is designed to enable participatory biodiversity conservation through livelihood improvement which will ensured the sustainability of conservation measures undertaken by the Government of India. After the immense success of the Eco Development Project in Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, the Government of India planned to extend and enlarge the eco development strategies on a larger canvas to reach multiple biodiversity hotspots through the externally aided BCRLIP in two pilot sites, the Askot Landscape in Uttarkhand and the Little Rann of Kutch Landscape in Gujarat. Later the landscape project was extended to two other sites namely the Satpura Landscape in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra and Agasthiyarmalai Landscape (ALS) in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
The Tamil Nadu part of Biodiversity Conservation and Rural Livelihood Improvement Project in Agasthiyarmalai Landscape (ALS) is implemented by the Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Conservation Foundation in 05 districts and 06 Forest Divisions. The Southern Western Ghats and adjoining public and private lands, Tribal and Non Tribal hamlets and villages on the Eastern side of the Western Ghats in Kanyakumari, Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar, Part of Madurai and Theni districts forms the Agasthiyarmalai Landscape in Tamil Nadu Part. The Biodiversity rich hotspots (PAs / Sanctuaries) of Agasthiyarmalai Landscape are Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary, Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary, Srivilliputhur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary and Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary.
|S . No||Name of Management Unit PA/ Forest Division||PA / Forest Area Km2||No of Tribal Settlements||Enclosures & Estates||Fringe Villages|
|1||Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary and adjoining Forest Lands||457.78||47||70||56||2684|
|2||Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve||895||5||19||241|
|5||Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary||166.75||3||-||56|
|6||Theni Forest Division||323.55||4||6||38|
|Total TN Part of ALS||2707.49||74||117||515|
The Project Global Environmental Objective is to enhance the conservation of globally significant biodiversity and ensure its long-term sustainability by promoting appropriate conservation practices in biodiversity-rich landscapes. This will be accomplished by targeted interventions in and around protected areas as well as changing management practices in intervening production landscapes and eco-sensitive sites.
The development objective is to enhance institutional capacity for integrating sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation at the landscape level. This is to be achieved by improving policies, tools and methodologies, knowledge and skills for developing multi-stakeholder partnerships that support mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation objectives, improving rural livelihoods, enhancing learning and replication of successful participatory conservation models and improving cost-effectiveness and sustainable funding for conservation of biodiversity.
The specific objectives of the BCRLIP in ALS are