Agasthiyarmalai Landscape

BCRLIP in Agasthiyarmalai Landscape

The Biodiversity Conservation and Rural Livelihood Improvement Project is designed to enable participatory biodiversity conservation through livelihood improvement which will ensured the sustainability of conservation measures undertaken by the Government of India. After the immense success of the Eco Development Project in Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, the Government of India planned to extend and enlarge the eco development strategies on a larger canvas to reach multiple biodiversity hotspots through the externally aided BCRLIP in two pilot sites, the Askot Landscape in Uttarkhand and the Little Rann of Kutch Landscape in Gujarat. Later the landscape project was extended to two other sites namely the Satpura Landscape in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra and Agasthiyarmalai Landscape (ALS) in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

The Tamil Nadu part of Biodiversity Conservation and Rural Livelihood Improvement Project in Agasthiyarmalai Landscape (ALS) is implemented by the Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Conservation Foundation in 05 districts and 06 Forest Divisions. The Southern Western Ghats and adjoining public and private lands, Tribal and Non Tribal hamlets and villages on the Eastern side of the Western Ghats in Kanyakumari, Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar, Part of Madurai and Theni districts forms the Agasthiyarmalai Landscape in Tamil Nadu Part. The Biodiversity rich hotspots (PAs / Sanctuaries) of Agasthiyarmalai Landscape are Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary, Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary, Srivilliputhur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary and Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary.

S . NoName of Management Unit PA/ Forest DivisionPA / Forest Area Km2No of Tribal SettlementsEnclosures & EstatesFringe Villages
NoArea km2
1 Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary and adjoining Forest Lands 457.78 47 70 56 2684
2 Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve 895 5 19 241
3 Tirunelveli Division 386.58 3 5 72
4 Sirivilliputtur WLS 477.83 7 17 52
5 Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary 166.75 3 - 56
6 Theni Forest Division 323.55 4 6 38
Total TN Part of ALS 2707.49 74 117 515  

Landscape Objectives

Project Objectives

Global Objective

The Project Global Environmental Objective is to enhance the conservation of globally significant biodiversity and ensure its long-term sustainability by promoting appropriate conservation practices in biodiversity-rich landscapes. This will be accomplished by targeted interventions in and around protected areas as well as changing management practices in intervening production landscapes and eco-sensitive sites.

Development Objective

The development objective is to enhance institutional capacity for integrating sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation at the landscape level. This is to be achieved by improving policies, tools and methodologies, knowledge and skills for developing multi-stakeholder partnerships that support mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation objectives, improving rural livelihoods, enhancing learning and replication of successful participatory conservation models and improving cost-effectiveness and sustainable funding for conservation of biodiversity.

Specific Objectives

The specific objectives of the BCRLIP in ALS are

  1. Conservation of Biodiversity of ALS
  2. Seeking larger support of people for sustainable biodiversity conservation, and
  3. To improve the livelihoods of forest dependents in the landscape.