BCRLIP In Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve is a pioneer in participatory Biodiversity Conservation initiatives with its global success in India Eco-development project under the Forestry Research Education & Extension Project from 1995 – 2001.

After the success of Eco development project, Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve was recognized by the World Bank and approved by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, GOI, as a Field Learning Centre, under Biodiversity Conservation and Rural Livelihood Improvement Project in 2011-2012.

Now, Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Conservation Foundation under Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve is implementing the Agasthiyarmalai Landscape – Tamilnadu part after its launch in 2014-2015.


The Biodiversity Conservation and Rural Livelihood Improvement Project (BCRLIP) visualizes a multi sector and, seemingly antagonistic, multi theme project on a landscape which has often been talked about but not addressed before in a time bound project mode.

Rural people, particularly the poor and underprivileged, also have found themselves at the receiving end of the shrinkage and degradation of natural ecosystems. Loss of productivity and decline in ecosystem services, especially hydrological cycles and water regime, has impaired the productivity of farms and pastures and undermined the availability of NTFP(non timber forest produce), making life difficult for those dependent on these resources for subsistence and livelihoods. This adversity impedes the conservation of biodiversity and wildlife as it does the wellbeing of the people living in and around forests and non-forest natural areas. The adverse environmental impacts are manifest in denudation, decline in aquifer recharge and augmented severity of droughts and floods.


Global Objective Of BCRLIP

  • To enhance the conservation of globally significant biodiversity and ensure its long-term sustainability by promoting appropriate conservation practices in biodiversity-rich landscapes.
  • To accomplish the objectives by targeted interventions in and around protected areas as well as changing management practices in intervening production landscapes and eco-sensitive sites.

Development Objective Of BCRLIP

  • To enhance institutional capacity for integrating sustainable livelihoods and biodiversity conservation at the landscape level.
  • To achieve the objectives
    1. By improving policies, tools and methodologies,
    2. Developing knowledge and skills of multi-stakeholder partnerships that support mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation objectives.
    3. To improve rural livelihoods, enhancing learning and replication of successful participatory conservation models
    4. To improve cost-effectiveness and sustainable funding for conservation of biodiversity.

Project Components

  1. Component One
  2. Component Two
  3. Component Three
  4. Component Four

Demonstration of Landscape Conservation Approaches in Two Pilot Sites US$ 13.84million.

Strengthening knowledge Management and National Capacity for Replication of Landscape Conservation Approaches: US $5.80 million – Under this component the World Bank sanctioned Field Learning Centre for KMTR during 2011-12 following successful implementation of participatory conservation of biodiversity through eco development strategies from 1995-2001. The mandate of the Field Learning Centre is to build capacity for participatory conservation field level functionaries and managers by transmitting KMTR eco development field skills.

Scaling Up and Replication of Successful Models of Conservation in Additional Landscapes Sites: US$7.79 million. – Agasthiyarmalai landscape located in both Tamil Nadu and Kerala has been selected as the fourth landscape for implementation of BCRLIP. During 2011-12, two pilot landscapes – Askot Landscape in Uttarakand and Little Rann of Kutch, Gujarat were selected and BCRLIP implemented. Based on the experiences of implementation, BCRLIP upscaled to two more landscapes – Satpura Landscape in Madhyapradesh and Maharashtra and Agasthiyarmalai Landscape in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Coordination for Landscape Conservation: US$ 3.09 million.